The attitude of medical students towards HIV-infected people: fear or help?

Cover Page

Abstract

The study was conducted during the 2017–2018 period using the method of anonymous questionnaire. In total, 838 4-year-students from medical, pediatric, dental and medical-prophylactic departments participated in the study. Two questionnaires were used for the survey: an adapted version of the standard UNAIDS questionnaire and that based on V. V. Boyko’s methodology of diagnosing communicative tolerance. It is found that medical students do not condemn HIV-infected people, nor believe that people with a positive HIV status necessarily behave immorally, thus deserving this disease. Medical students show a high level of professional communicative tolerance and readiness to help these patients, although being afraid of getting the infection during medical manipulations. At the same time, a low level of awareness concerning a number of legal issues regarding HIV-infected patients has been established.

About the authors

A. A. Khryanin

Novosibirsk State Medical University, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation;
Association of Obstetricians-Gynecologists and Dermatovenerologists

Author for correspondence.
Email: khryanin@mail.ru

Dr. Sci. (Med.), Prof., Department of Dermatovenerology and Cosmetology, Krasnyy prospect, 52, Novosibirsk, 630091;

Vice-President, Regional Public Organization “Association of Obstetricians-Gynecologists and Dermatovenerologists”, Lenina str., 55, Novosibirsk, 630004

Russian Federation

O. V. Reshetnikov

Research Institute for Treatment and Preventive Medicine — a branch of the Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences

Email: reshetnikov_ov@mail.ru

Dr. Sci. (Med.), Leading Researcher,

Borisa Bogatkova str., 175/1, Novosibirsk, 630089

Russian Federation

T. A. Shpiks

Novosibirsk State Medical University, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Cand. Sci. (Med.), Assoc. Prof., Department of Psychology and Pedagogy,

Krasnyy prospect, 52, Novosibirsk, 630091

Russian Federation

V. K. Bocharova

Novosibirsk State Medical University, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

Email: fake@neicon.ru

6-year Medical Student, Pediatric Department,

Krasnyy prospect, 52, Novosibirsk, 630091

Russian Federation

M. V. Russkikh

Novosibirsk State Medical University, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

Email: marie_le_mieux@mail.ru

Graduate Student,

Krasnyy prospect, 52, Novosibirsk, 630091

Russian Federation

I. O. Marinkin

Novosibirsk State Medical University, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

Email: rectorngmu@yandex.ru

Dr. Sci. (Med.), Prof., Rector, 

Krasnyy prospect, 52, Novosibirsk, 630091

Russian Federation

References

  1. Покровский В. В. ВИЧ/СПИД в России: ситуация и прогноз. Эпидемиология и инфекционные болезни. 2008;3:4–12.
  2. Беляков Н. А., Рассохин В. В., Розенталь В. В., Огурцова С. В., Степанова Е. В., Мельникова Т. Н. и др. Эпидемиология ВИЧ-инфекции. Место мониторинга, научных и дозорных наблюдений, моделирования и прогнозирования обстановки. ВИЧ-инфекция и иммуносупрессии. 2019;11(2):7–26. doi: 10.22328/2077-9828-2019-11-2-7-26
  3. Хеймер Р., Миллс Х. Л., Уайт Э., Викерман П., Колийн К. Моделирование эпидемии вируса иммунодефицита человека в Санкт-Петербурге. ВИЧ-инфекция и иммуносупрессии. 2014;6(1):59–65.
  4. Багненко С. Ф., Дубикайтис П. А., Минаева Н. В., Рассохин В. В., Беляков Н. А. Структура обращений ВИЧ-инфицированных больных в стационар скорой помощи. ВИЧ-инфекция и иммуносупрессии. 2011;3(3):81–87.
  5. Беляков Н. А., Багненко С. Ф., Дубикайтис П. А., Алимов Р. Р., Виноградова Т. Н. Результаты десятилетнего выявления ВИЧ-инфекции в стационаре скорой медицинской помощи. Медицинский академический журнал. 2014;14(2):48–54.
  6. UNAIDS Global report 2010. UNAIDS Report on the global AIDS epidemic 2010. http://www.unaids.org/globalreport/global report.htm
  7. Камалдинов Д. О., Касик Е. П., Уфимцев Д. Г. и др. Индекс стигмы людей, живущих с ВИЧ. Отчет по результатам социологического исследования. Новосибирск, 2014.
  8. Parker R., Aggleton P., Horizons F. HIV/AIDS-related stigma and discrimination: A conceptual framework and an agenda for action. Population Council, Washington, DC, USA, 2002.
  9. Chan K. Y., Yang Y., Li Z. R., Stoove M. A., Reidpath D. D. Interrelationships between HIV/AIDS and risk behavior prejudice among medical students in Southern China. Current HIV Research. 2009;7(6):606–611.
  10. Tan X., Pan J., Zhou D., Wang C., Xie C. HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes and behaviors assessmen to Chinese students: a questionnaire study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2007;4(3):248–253.
  11. Choy K. K., Rene T. J., Khan S. A. Beliefs and attitudes of medical students from public and private universities in Malaysia towards individuals with HIV/AIDS. Scientific World Journal. 2013 Oct 29;2013:462826. doi: 10.1155/2013/462826
  12. Branson B. M., Handsfield H. H., Lampe M. A. Revised recommendations for HIV testing of adults, adolescents, and pregnant women in healthcare settings. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 2006:55(14):1–17.
  13. Основы законодательства Российской Федерации об охране здоровья граждан от 22 июля 1993 г. № 5487-1, ст. 61.
  14. Решетников A.B. Медико-социологический мониторинг: Руководство. М., 2003.

Statistics

Views

Abstract: 1674

PDF (Russian): 626

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Dimensions

PlumX

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Khryanin A.A., Reshetnikov O.V., Shpiks T.A., Bocharova V.K., Russkikh M.V., Marinkin I.O.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies