Syphilitic infection and pathological pregnancy, childbirth and the changes of the placenta

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Abstract


It is now known that one of the main causes of pathology of pregnancy, childbirth and placenta, is infection. The purpose of the study. To reveal the peculiarities of pregnancy and delivery, as well as histological changes of placenta in syphilitic infection, depending on the time of detection of the disease. The materials and methods of research. Under the supervision of 114 women with confirmed syphilis infection. In accordance with the intended purpose of the study three groups of women with syphilitic infection. Group I included 42 women who are diagnosed with syphilis installed for the first time in this period of pregnancy or nursing home. II group consisted of 34 women who have had syphilis prior to the present pregnancy had been trained in specific therapies, but during this pregnancy had a positive DAC. In the third group consisted of 38 women who had syphilis and received a course of specific therapy prior to the present pregnancy, with a negative DAC during this pregnancy. The control group included 30 women without a history of syphilis. Results and discussion. We found a significant increase in the overall frequency of complications in childbirth in women with syphilitic infection, the most common manifestation of the pathology of childbirth should be considered the changing nature of amniotic fluid and the need for manual examination of the uterine cavity. Degenerative changes in the form of petrification was absent in the control group and identified in women I-III bands 21.4-28.9 percent. Inflammatory changes of the placenta was detected with significantly higher frequency in group I. We found a significant prevalence of pathological changes in the stroma of the villi in placentas in groups I-III compared with the control. Conclusion. Leading macro- and microscopic pathological disorders of the placenta, concomitant syphilitic infection and emerging at 16-18 weeks of gestation and may be involved in the development of complications of pregnancy and childbirth.

N. V. Matyskina

Krasnoyarsk State Medical University

Author for correspondence.
Email: mnv72@mail.ru

Russian Federation

T. E. Taranushenko

Krasnoyarsk State Medical University

Email: noemail@neicon.ru

Russian Federation

V. I. Prokhorenkov

Krasnoyarsk State Medical University

Email: noemail@neicon.ru

Russian Federation

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